From SouthStream to TurkStream

Russia's initiative to send gas across the Black Sea to western Europe took firm shape in 2011 when Gazprom set up its subsidiary South Stream Transport (SST), now based in Amsterdam, together with European partners Eni, Wintershall and EDF. At that time the plan was to lay four 32 inch trunklines for SouthStream, making landfall in Bulgaria.

Keeping it together

Screens are a popular albeit expensive solution to dealing with sand production. Engineers at Saudi Aramco are betting that nanoparticles will keep the sand in the reservoir and oil production flowing.

Going with the grains

Drilling and completions practices have driven demand for frac sand to new highs and threaten shortages in some prime shale regions. But what qualities make a sand suitable for fracking, and where is the industry looking for solutions to supply chain challenges.

Leader of the pack

FrontRow Energy Technology raided Rugby Union terminology to come up with a moniker signifying committed individuals pushing ahead in common cause.