With just hours before the conclusion of the COP26 summit in Glasgow, delegations from developing nations and those most vulnerable to global warming made last-minute pleas for additional support before COP26 President Alok Sharma and other nations.

There were impassioned entreaties for more support to help less-affluent nations adapt to and mitigate the effects of global warming made at the so-called "informal stocktaking plenary" on Saturday afternoon.

“There is work to do on ‘loss and damage’,” said Tina Stege of the Marshall Islands delegation.

Stege said her nation would approve the draft text rather than go home empty-handed, as it provides a basis for further commitments and firmer action on nationally determined contributions, or NDCs, at COP27.

However, the Glasgow Climate Pact, which is not legally binding, fell short of establishing a fund to compensate countries for climate-linked loss and damage.

The G-77 group of developing countries expressed “extreme disappointment” at this omission.

Shauna Aminath, Minister of Environment, Climate Change & Technology for the Maldives, said: “For some, loss and damage may be the beginning of conversation and dialogue, but for us, this is a matter of survival.

“This does not bring hope to our hearts but serves as yet another conversation where we put our homes on the line while those who have other options decide how quickly they want to act to save those who don’t,” Aminath was quoted by CNBC.

The developed world had earlier promised a combined $100 billion annually by 2020, continuing through 2025, to help developing nations, but the full amount of these funds has yet to materialise.

“It is not (unusual) to leave a COP with decisions that have left everyone a little unhappy, but we are concerned that we are leaving this COP with everyone more than a little unhappy,” said a member of the Swiss ministerial delegation on behalf of the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG), which includes Mexico, Liechtenstein, Monaco, South Korea, Switzerland and Georgia.

The delegate said the EIG had the impression that the second week of the climate change summit had become “less inclusive and less transparent” as resolutions to phase out coal were watered down.

Prakash Sharma, Wood Mackenzie Asia Pacific head of markets and transitions, said: “Last minute changes [to the COP text] reflect current realities of individual energy markets where countries aim to prioritise supply security over environmental goals, at least through the medium term, until other clean baseload supply options are commercially available at the scale that’s needed to replace coal in power generation.”