Singapore’s Keppel, the government’s investment arm Temasek and Australian contractor Incitec Pivot have teamed up to study the feasibility of producing green ammonia in Australia for export.

Under a memorandum of understanding, the trio will investigate producing green hydrogen in New South Wales and Queensland, for export to meet the rapidly growing market demand for carbon-free energy globally, including in Singapore.

The green ammonia could be used as a direct feedstock in green energy generation, or as a hydrogen carrier to provide green hydrogen solutions.

The three parties will work closely with the respective state governments to explore the feasibility of essential infrastructure, licences and approvals to facilitate the production and export of green ammonia.

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Keppel said that in response to growing challenges brought about by climate change, there is an urgency to develop alternative sources of low carbon fuel options to decarbonise the power, industrial, maritime transportation and aviation sectors.

Production of green ammonia can produce carbon-free electricity. It could be a direct fuel, or reprocessed to produce green hydrogen for use as a fuel feedstock, for example to power gas turbines.

Incitec Pivot will contribute its expertise in ammonia production, along with its strategic land at Kooragang Island in the Port of Newcastle, NSW.

Meanwhile, Temasek – which is actively supporting a range of decarbonisation opportunities, including feasibility of various renewable energy options, will fund part of the feasibility study.

In response to growing challenges brought about by climate change, there is an urgency to develop alternative sources of low carbon fuel options to decarbonise the power, industrial, maritime transportation and the aviation sectors.

“Keppel is pleased to partner with Incitec Pivot and Temasek to explore and identify feasible pathways to develop secure, scalable and cost competitive green ammonia supply chains from production, transportation and storage to distribution and end-uses in the global and regional markets,” said Keppel Infrastructure chief executive Cindy Lim.

Deep decarbonisation

“Availing green ammonia, as a potential source of clean fuel to support the demand for sustainable energy, can meaningfully contribute to deep decarbonisation in power and hard-to-abate sectors.”

In addition, the green ammonia may be used to replace bunker fuels to decarbonise the global maritime industry.

The MoU also supports Australia's National Hydrogen Strategy, which has identified seven clean hydrogen hubs across Australia, including Queensland and NSW, where Incitec Pivot has existing ammonia asset and brownfield sites.

“Both our Kooragang Island site and potential greenfield site in Gladstone have the advantage of being nominated by the Australian government as locations for hydrogen hub development,” said Incitec Pivot chief executive Jeanne Johns.

“This is another step in our commitment to support the development of an Australian low carbon energy industry of the future.”