State-run Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) is set to build India’s first green hydrogen plant in the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the nation’s north.

The Economic Times of India this week quoted IOC chairman Shrikant Madhav Vaidya as saying the company intended to build a green hydrogen plant at its Mathura refinery.

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He stated the company would utilise a wind project in Rajasthan to provide electricity to the refinery and produce green hydrogen through electrolysis — the process of splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen.

Vaidya said the green hydrogen would replace carbon emitting fuels that are currently used to process crude oil at the refinery.

The move comes as IOC intends to increase its refining operations, with plans to add 25 million tonnes to its refining capacity by 2023-24, up from 80.5 million tonnes currently, according to Vaidya.

He added that all of the expansion projects would use power from the grid to meet their energy requirements, as opposed to using their own captive power plants.

"We have got a number of expansions down the line which are already approved,” the Economic Times quoted Vaidya as saying.

“We will not have a captive power plant and will utilise power from the grid, preferably green power. This will help decarbonise some part of the manufacturing.”

He also stated in the interview that IOC was pushing ahead with research into carbon capture, utilisation and storage technologies in a bid to further reduce emissions.