It’s been more than 190 days since US President Joe Biden pushed “pause” on oil and gas leasing and permitting on federal lands and waters.

It was initially to be a 60-day moratorium — time the new administration said was needed to review the federal oil and gas leasing programme.

In that time, producers great and small rattled their sabres, threatening to take their war chests to climates more friendly to fossil-fuel extraction.

Industry groups raised the spectre of oil imports, a return to relying on “foreign countries hostile to American interests”, as the American Petroleum Institute put it in January.