Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the King of Saudi Arabia, underwent a colonoscopy on Sunday, just weeks after he had the battery of his pacemaker changed leading to fresh health concerns about the ruler of the richest monarchy in the Persian Gulf.

The nation’s official press agency SPA said on Sunday that King Salman had a “successful colonoscopy” at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Jeddah and the results were “fine”.

King Salman, 86, has been the ruler of oil producing giant Saudi Arabia since 2015 and has appointed his 36-year-old son, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, as his successor.

However, owing to the health issues being faced by King Salman, his son is also responsible for leading day-to-day affairs in the kingdom.

The health of the Saudi King is closely watched by the international community as he holds absolute power in the kingdom, which is also the world’s largest oil exporter.

King Salman’s health concerns have mostly been kept under wraps, with limited updates from the government, and his public appearances have been restricted too.

The Saudi SPA report said that the king “will spend some time at the hospital, according to the treatment plan recommended by the medical team".

Saudi local media earlier this year reported that King Salman was hospitalised in Riyadh to have the battery of his heart pacemaker replaced.

The Saudi ruler also had surgery in 2020 to remove his gallbladder.

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had his image tarnished by the Jamal Khashoggi affair, involving the assassination of a Saudi dissident and journalist in 2018 at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

However, after being elevated as the kingdom’s crown prince, he has carried out several social reforms, sidelined rivals and strengthened his position for the future Saudi throne.

Under his leadership, the kingdom is also expanding its oil production capacity to 13 million barrels per day, as it aims to retain its crown as largest global crude exporter in the coming years.