Norwegian opposition leader Jonas Gahr Store is expected to start coalition negotiations after his Labour Party won the most seats in parliamentary elections held on Monday.

The result has dampened expectations about a rush away from fossil fuels after an election campaign that was dominated by the debate over the energy transition and demands for an end to Norway's dependence on oil and gas.

The election was seen by many as a vote over continued oil and gas exploration, with polls suggesting that support had been growing for parties wanting to stop new activities on the Norwegian continental shelf, putting pressure on the established Labour, Conservatives, Centre and Progress parties.