The controversial Nord Stream 2 subsea gas export pipeline to Germany is not as big a threat to long-term Russian gas transits to Europe across Ukraine as it is labelled by Kiev authorities, according to a research report.

Speaking at Ukraine Gas Forum in Kiev on Tuesday, Institute of Energy Economics (EWI) research associate Max Schonfisch at the University of Cologne in Germany, said that, even if Nord Stream 2 becomes operational, Ukraine will remain “an important transit route for Russian gas exports to the European Union” in 2030.