Situated on the Gulf of Guinea, broadly bounded by the great Congo and Niger rivers, lie a clutch of oil and gas producing countries reaching into the heart of Africa that should be striving furiously for upstream investment as the Covid 19 pandemic recedes.

And yet this is a tale of two subregions — an established and contiguous oil patch, split by sharply contrasting approaches to the needs of industry.

It takes a a week to register a company in Benin, Niger and Nigeria, a process which can take two months in the neighbouring Economic & Monetary Community of Central Africa (Cemac) where, despite a convertible currency, an industry slowdown has taken hold.