Egypt's upstream sector is shining once again after the 2011 revolution unleashed political and financial chaos, forcing international oil companies to put major projects on hold.

Much of the kudos for the revival must go to Oil Minister Tarek El-Molla, who has set about transforming the upstream sector in recent years by offering attractive returns on development projects, while tackling a backlog of debt that kept international players from investing.

Molla, who honed his skills as a petroleum strategist during a long career with US giant Chevron, is now introducing structural reforms to further enhance Egypt's attraction as an upstream destination.